The carpal skeleton in found in the fore limb and consists of six which is arranged in two rows proximal or antibrachial and distal or metacarpal. The proximal row consists of four bones which are the radial, intermediate, ulnar and accessory. In the distal row the first carpal is absent, the second and third are fused and forth is separate.
Bars of hyaline cartilage which continues the ribs. Those of sternal ribs articulate with the sternum, while those of asternal (floating) ribs overlap and areattached to each other by elastic tissue to form the costal arch.
The largest and most massive bone of the long bones; shaft is cylindrical but flattened behind, and larger above and below. Proximal extremity is large and consists of the head, neck, and trochanter major; distal end is large both directions and comprises the trochlea in front and two condyles behind.
A long bone which extends from the shoulder. It consists of a shaft and two extremities. The proximal extremitiy consists of the head, neck and two tuberosities and the intertuberal groove. The distal extremity has an oblique surface for articulation with the radius and ulna which consists of two condyles of very unequal size, separated by a ridge.
A large sesamoid bone intercalated in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle; free surface is strongly convex, rough and irregular. Articular surface is convex from side to side and nearly straight vertically
The smallest of the three parts of the pelvic girdle. It has two surfaces, three borders, and three angles. The pubis may be regarded as consisting of as body (Corpus ossis pubis) and two branches, the acetabular branch (Ramus acetabularis) and the symphyseal branch (Ramus symphyseous).
Flat bone with the surface divided into two fossae by the spine of the scapula which extends from the vertebrae to the neck, where it subsides. The two fossae are; the supraspinous fossa, and the infraspinous fossa, the former being the smaller of the two, is smooth and is occupied by the supraspionous fossa
Two process that project laterally from the sides of the arch of the vertabrae or from the junction of the arch and body of the vertabrae. In the cervical region the transverse processes of the third through sixth cervical vertabrae present a cranial and caudal portion The former is referred to as the costal process which homologous of the rib in the thoracic region.
A short, thick process that extends horizontally from the main body of the vertebrae and is tuberous at the free end. Each has a facet (Foveatransversaria) for articulation with the tubercule of the rib
The enlarged, proximal end of the tarsal bone forms the tuber calcis or "point of the hock". The posterior part of this eminence gives attachment to the tendon of the gastrocnemius, while in front and on each side it furnishes insertions to tendons of the superficial digital flexor, biceps, and semitendinous muscles